Manuela Carmena has been Mayor of Madrid since June 2015. After graduating in Law in 1965, she founded the Atocha’s legal office in Madrid where, in 1977, an attack from the extreme right led to the deaths of several of her colleagues, leaving the whole country in great shock. Carmena defended prisoners and workers during Franco’s dictatorship and represented the Basque Country, acting as spokesperson to the General Council of the Judiciary of Spain. She is also a Senior Judge in Madrid and a Penitentiary Judge. She represented Spain in the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention in the UN. In 2008 she received the Manuel de Irujo award. In 2010 she retired and a little later she come out of retirement, carrying out critical work with victims of police brutality for the commission set up by the Human Rights Bureau of the Basque Government Justice Department. She has also been a Rapporteur for the United Nations.